The park is characterized by its exceptional wealth of biological riches and variety of ecosystems. Madidi is home to over 4,739 species of plants, 1,370 species of vertebrates, 867 species of tropical birds, and endemic plants, elevating the need for extensive conservation. This protected area has the highest number of bird species in the world and it is thought that more studies will register over 1,100 species.
The Madidi National Park landscape is made up of snow-capped mountains, glaciers, high Andean lagoons, deep valleys and canyons, cliffs, torrid rivers, and waterfalls. All of these features combine to create some of the most stunning scenery you will ever see. There are numerous Inca and Mollo archaeological sites and pre-Columbian paths in the upper regions of the Park. These regions are also home to many different ethnic groups both in the lowlands and highlands.
The park´s altitude ranges between 200 and 6,000 meters above sea level from the Amazon plains of River Heath to the Apolobamba mountain range. The climates found include: Montane, Moist to Perhumid Evergreen Forest, Seasonally Moist Lowland Tropical Forest, Palm Savannas, Puna, and Dry Inter-Andean Valleys.