Medellin is the country’s second largest city and is known as the "City of Eternal Spring" due to a pleasant spring climate throughout the year. It is an important center for industry, business and most notably, textiles, and is regarded as the nations center for fashion. In addition, the city stands out as one of the major cultural centers in Colombia hosting numerous national and international recognized events such as the Flower Fair and the International Poetry Festival. Medellin is home to beautiful parks and plazas, modern architecture and over 30 universities.
Santiago de Cali, commonly known as "Cali", was founded on 25 July 1536 by the Spanish conquistador Sebastián de Belalcázar. It has been named by renowned salsa singers and dancers "The World Capital of Salsa" with reference to the different schools of the genre and for its annual fair held in late-December. Due to its proximity to the equator Cali has a tropical savanna climate with minor seasonal variations. There are typically two rainy seasons: from March to May and from October to November. However, rain can be expected at any time of the year.
Cali offers historical and cultural areas with many local attractions. In downtown Cali there are many historic churches such as La Merced and La Ermita. Cali contains a well-preserved historical center. The most important zone is La Plaza de Cayzedo, located in the center of the city, a square surrounded by many historical and modern buildings such as El Edificio Otero, La Catedral and El Palacio de Justicia. This plaza is close to other tourist places, such as the Iglesia de San Francisco, the municipal theater and La Merced church. The city is also rich in monuments, parks, squares and museums.
Villa de Leyva was declared a national monument in 1945, this magical town has been preserved in its entirety and virtually no modern architecture exists, making it one of the finest examples of a traditional colonial settlement anywhere in the Americas. At an altitude of 2140 m, it enjoys a healthy, mild climate and relaxed atmosphere and is a popular weekend getaway for city dwellers. Each December, Villa de Leyva hosts a lively fiesta when neighboring towns compete against each other with colorful firework displays and a street carnival takes place in the narrow cobbled streets. For three days, the city is dominated by food, drink, music, and dance in a fantastic party called La Fiesta de la Luz.
Santander is a very important mountainous region of Colombia, with incredibly beautiful landscapes and very friendly people. It offers easy access from Bogotá overland or by plane, with daily routes available to Bucaramanga (the capital city). It is a perfect place for all kinds of adventure and ecological activities like hiking, rafting, kayaking paragliding and rappelling. It’s a paradise for outdoor enthusiasts as well as for travelers who seek both historical and ecological highlights. The rustic charm of the colonial villages and the friendliness of its people make this region one of the culturally rich ones in Colombia.