Unlike many destinations, it was founded relatively recently – in the beginning of the twentieth century – by explorers on a nearby river expedition.
Often called the Capital of the Peruvian Amazon, Iquitos is both the largest city in the Peruvian rainforest and a melting pot for different foods, cultures, and historical landmarks. Located on the banks of the Amazon river, it offers a wide range of natural attractions as well. Iquitos was founded in the mid-18th century as a Jesuit mission to the indigenous Yameo people. The rubber boom of the early 20th century brought thousands of international immigrants as well as industry and money to the town – making way for the now culturally diverse, large city. European influences are still seen mingled with local culture today.